Hemolytic anemia refers to a breakdown abnormally fast from red blood cells. Although the majority of red blood cells live for three to four months, hemolytic anemia causes her much more rapid decomposition, which subtracts the number of normal blood cells and produces excessive bleeding, low content of iron and jaundice. The condition may be temporary, and has numerous causes, either genetic or acquired. Genetic causes of hemolytic anemia include diseases such as sickle cell anemia. Other conditions that can create hemolytic anemia are often rare diseases like spherocytosis, disorder of the spleen, or elliptocytosis, where the blood cells have an elliptical shape.
Autoimmune conditions such as lupus can lead to acquired forms of hemolytic anemia. In lupus, the body can begin to attack and overthrow their own red blood cells. Pneumonia can cause disease, likewise the septic shock and malaria. The altas doses of penicillin have been made in the cause of short episodes of hemolytic anemia, and many illegal drugs can also create this anomaly in blood. With a Rh incompatible blood transfusion can induce also hemolytic anemia. The main symptom of hemolytic anemia is fatigue, and in advanced cases, heart failure. Blood clotting time can be affected and people can have a high incidence of bleeding after an injury or after any surgery.
Persons with hemolytic anemia may also suffer from jaundice. Disease tests include blood stains to evaluate if there are a high number of fragments of the blood cells and analysis of bilirubin levels. Other tests can be used to evaluate the underlying causes, such as autoimmune diseases. Treat the underlying cause of hemolytic anemia usually is the first step to heal the disease. Additional treatments may be indicated by the severity of the symptoms of anemia. This can include blood transfusions or treatments with steroids. In some cases, people with the condition must undergo a Splenectomy, Splenectomy, since you can point out as a cause of rapid death of red blood cells. A rare form of hemolytic anemia, is called Erythroblastosis fetalis, it can occur in the newborn and it is normally caused by the mother that has a negative blood type and that generates conflict if the baby has blood of positive type, this is called incompatibility Rh this usually be prevented by the mother receiving a special vaccine after giving birth to her first child to avoid Rh incompatibility with future children. When this is not avoided, hemolytic anemia can be very serious for the newborn, resulting in brain damage. Knowledge about blood types and its effect on the fetus have done that this condition is rare in developed countries. Juan Camilo Cano canons for anemia original author and source of the article